Passive smoking is simply breathing other people’s smoke. It is also known as secondhand smoking, involuntary smoking, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (or ETS). It occurs when one breathes “mainstream” and “sidestream” smoke. Researches conducted by anti-smoking groups define mainstream smoke as the smoke that is inhaled and then exhaled by the smoker; and sidestream smoke as the smoke that comes from the burning tip of a cigarette or any tobacco product. Another research defined mainstream smoke as the smoke which a smoker consumes directly when smoking, and sidestream smoke as the combination of exhaled smoke and the smoke that comes out of a cigar’s burning end.
Mainstream smoke is nicotine in its particulate phase. Sidestream smoke is nicotine in its particulate phase moving into its gas or vapor phase. Because of this difference in their physical properties, it was concluded in the research that it was wrong to assume mainstream and sidestream smoke as identical with ETS Friendly Farms Carts . Majority of researches define ETS as the combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke, sidestream smoke being the more dangerous type. The burning tip of a cigar is usually not hot enough to completely burn tobacco. This incomplete burning is favored by some chemicals. Sidestream smoke actually carries higher concentrations of several chemicals including 2-naphthylamine, N-nitrosodimethylamine, 4-aminobiphenyl, and carbon monoxide.
Eighty-five percent of ETS comes from sidestream smoke. Mainstream smoke lasts only as long as a cigarette is burning, while sidestream smoke lasts as long as one is in that room.
The buzz is on ETS for many reasons. ETS was found to be a much higher source of pollution than ecodiesel engine, in terms of particulate matter or PM emission. In a 60m³ room with very little air exchange with three cigarettes burning, PM concentrations measured up to 10-fold that of the engine’s emissions. Three burning cigarettes in a room is a very common scene in everyday life. ETS has also been found to have negative short and long-term health effects to all ages of smokers and non-smokers, even to fetuses of pregnant smoking mothers. It carries its own risks as well as aggravating other environmental and health conditions. ETS has been established as harmful or at the very least, irritating. The question is, based on scientific evidence, how harmful is it? Is it quantifiable?
This is the grey area where some responses or even results to researches have generated such opposite conclusions as statistically insignificant to increasing the risk of lung cancer by 16%. Some researches were purported to have scientific, statistical, and methodological distortion in order to provide solid grounds for banning smoking in public places. While to some extent this may be true, the links between exposure to ETS and certain diseases cannot be ignored; only, one cannot say that ETS is the main and sole source of the health problem. The following have been scientifically established and generally accepted:
By July 2007, England would start banning smoking in all enclosed public places under its “Smoke-free England” campaign. The Health Department will be enforcing this ban to minimize the harmful effects of second-hand smoke that includes heart disease, lung cancer and even sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. Enclosed public places would include bars, restaurants and even smoking-designated rooms in offices. The smoking ban was first imposed in private and or public offices to protect employees who does not smoke as well as reduce fire incidents related to smoking.
Although this may seem like bad news for smokers, there are still places where they can go to smoke. The Health Department made a guideline that allows people to smoke in designated areas, particularly those equipped with smoking shelters. If you have a business that will be affected by the smoking ban, it would be best to have a smoking shelter installed in order to accommodate your clients who smoke. You can choose from several types of smoking shelters that include:
* Free Standing Smoking Shelters: considered to be the traditional type of smoking shelter, free standing smoking shelters feature a simple structure which can accommodate five to seven people comfortably. Having a free standing smoking shelter installed guarantees you protection from cigarette-related fire accidents and at the same time allow your patrons to smoke comfortably without worrying about violating smoking ban laws. Most of these free standing smoking shelters come complete with chairs and cigarette bins. Aside from these reasons, you can depend on these shelters to withstand all types of weather. Constructed with durable material, free standing smoking shelters usually have translucent side panels.
* Wall-mounted smoking shelters: these shelters are perfect for businesses who have limited budget but needs to comply with the new smoking ban regulation. More affordable than the free standing smoking shelters, wall-supported smoking shelters can usually fit two to four people and easier to install.
These smoking shelters are not restricted when it comes to its size. The only requirement that the UK government imposed is that they be more than 50% open to reduce smoke build up. You can determine the location where you want to put your smoking shelter by considering the size of your property, place of entry and exit and where your guest would feel comfortable and safe. As a business owner, it would be better to position your smoking shelter where it does not block incoming traffic and would not be considered as an “eye sore”.
There are many manufacturers of smoking shelters in the market today. For more convenience, you can access these manufacturers’ websites and get a quotation. You should compare the proposed material, prices, delivery costs and how long they would need to build a smoking shelter with your specifications. Most importantly, the manufacturer should be aware of the latest local and national laws regarding the implementation of the Smoking Ban as well as comply with the minimum requirements for making a smoking shelter.