Cosmetics refer to substances that are added as ingredients to beauty products and other goods. Cosmetics are comprised of a combination of different chemical substances derived either from natural resources or chemically synthesized ones. Some examples of cosmeceuticals are moisturizers, creams, lotions, cosmetics for the eyes, hair colorants, skin care products, soaps and hand soaps. It is very common for cosmetics manufacturers to incorporate several botanical ingredients in their products, which are natural plant extracts that have been added to increase the antioxidant content of the product.
Cosmetics in Australia are governed by the Australian Consumer Tribunal, who appoints independent bodies to monitor and publish consumer awareness of the ingredients used in cosmetics. The main regulating authority is the Australian Competition Tribunal, which are responsible for the determination of the meaning and price of ingredients, and the penalty for failure to comply with these regulations. The cosmetics industry here follows the standard set out by the Cosmetic Ingredient Release Scheme (CIRS). The Australian FDA allows cosmetics to be sold only if they contain at minimum two percent natural botanicals. The primary ingredients need to meet the guidelines stipulated by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Manufacturers Association (ATPGA) thong tin.
The use of hazardous chemicals in cosmetics has been the subject of international attention over the past ten years. In reaction to this increased interest in the manufacture and sale of cosmetics in Australia, the Federal government introduced legislation to introduce a code of practice for the manufacturing, production and distribution of cosmetic products. The Triclosan provisions were included in this code of practice, as were requirements regarding the conduct of tests on workplaces where the use of the chemicals was possible. These laws also directed manufacturers to ensure that all of their manufacturing processes and packaging techniques were strictly followed, with the result that the use of the chemicals in their products was effectively controlled.
Cosmetics in the united states are regulated by the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The Food and Drug Administration regulates cosmetics that are imported into the country, but have not had an equivalent regulation in place for cosmetics produced domestically. The Australian cosmetics industry has been subject to both regulation and enforcement actions by the FDA, with the results being that the majority of the cosmetic ingredients in use in Australia are of foreign origin. Most foreign cosmetic ingredients come from the European Union. Cosmetics imported into the united states are required to be in compliance with the regulations set out by the FDA, with many cosmetic ingredients being restricted in terms of the amount of a specific ingredient that may be present in a product.
There is no legal definition of the word “herbal” in relation to cosmetics, with the exception of a few specific ingredients that may be legally defined as “natural”. In terms of ingredients in cosmetics, a “plant extract” is considered to be a “chemical substance designed for use as a cosmetic product”. There is some controversy regarding which cosmetics may be labeled as “natural”, particularly herbal products. While a number of plants have traditionally been used for cosmetic purposes, the FDA does not regulate cosmetics on the basis that they were “preserved”, rather than “artificially” preserved.
Many natural and organic ingredients have been found to be carcinogenic, teratogenic, or toxic. Cosmetics need preservatives to help them last for a longer period of time without degrading or breaking down. Preservatives can be added as a normal ingredient, or in some cases as an additional ingredient, such as fragrance in lipstick or shampoo. Some preservatives have been found to be more toxic than others. Many plant extracts are toxic when mixed with other compounds; the extra step of adding a preservative to cosmetics products helps to ensure that the cosmetics will not be contaminated with bacteria or other organisms once they are opened and worn.